- Ptolemy II Philadelphus
- Philadelphia King 283-246 BC.
*Ptolemy I associated his son Philadelphus with him as co-regent in 285 BC, and he inherited the kingdom in 282 BC. During his reign Egypt reached the zenith of her power under the *Ptolemies. Philadelphus married his full-sister, Arsinoe II, thus establishing the Ptolemaic custom of royal consanguineous marriages; his name 'Philadelphus' means 'sister-loving', and he set up an official cult of Arsinoe and himself, thus introducing the concept of a dynastic cult.Ptolemy II also inaugurated a detailed system of financial administration in Egypt, and introduced *Greek farming communities in the Fayoum district; under his Revenue Laws, there was also close monitoring of industries such as papyrus-manufacture and oil-production. His reign was the most prosperous of the *Ptolemaic Period, and his finance minister, Apollonius, wielded great power.Ptolemy II also intervened to begin the abolition of the native aristocracy which his father had allowed to survive and, under his rulership, the intensive Hellenisation of Egypt began. He was active in many other spheres: under his kingship, the canal between the Red Sea and the Nile was restored, to facilitate trade and communication. As a patron of the arts, Ptolemy II enlarged the Great Library at Alexandria and encouraged scholars from many parts of the world to visit the city. According to one tradition, he brought seventy scholars from Jerusalem to Alexandria to translate the Pentateuch into Greek, so that the copy could then be placed in the Library. He was also responsible for the addition of many buildings in Alexandria, including the Pharos, and spectacular processions and games were introduced in his reign.BIBL. Bevan, E. A History of Egypt under the Ptolemaic Dynasty. London: 1927; Skeat, T. C. The reigns of the Ptolemies. Munich: 1969.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David* * *(308–246 BC)Son of Ptolemy Iand Berenice I. He was named coregentwith his father in 285 BC and succeeded to sole rule in 282 BC. His reign was prosperous, allowing the king to undertake major building works, including the Pharos, or Lighthouse, of Alexandria; Library of Alexandria; and Museum of Alexandria. He scandalized Greek public opinion by divorcing his wife, Arsinoe I, and marrying his full sister, Arsinoe II. He died in January 246 BC and was succeeded by his son, Ptolemy III.Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ptolemy II Philadelphus — (Greek: Polytonic|Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos Philádelphos , 309 BC ndash;246 BC), was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 BC to 246 BC. He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice, and was educated… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy II Philadelphus — born 308, Cos died 246 BC King of Egypt (285–246 BC), second king of the Ptolemaic dynasty. He reigned as coruler (285–282) with his father, Ptolemy I Soter, then purged his family of rivals, including his first wife, and married his sister,… … Universalium
Ptolemy Philadelphus (Cleopatra) — Ptolemy Philadelphus ( el. ο Πτολεμαίος Φιλάδελφος), August/September 36 BC 29 BC) was a Ptolemaic Prince and was the youngest child of Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. Ptolemy was of Greek and Roman… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy III Euergetes — Ptolemy III Euergetes, (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Εὐεργέτης, Ptolemaĩos Euergétēs , reigned 246 BC ndash;222 BC) was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He was the eldest son of Ptolemy II Philadelphus and his first wife, Arsinoe I, and… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy (name) — The name Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus comes from the Greek Ptolemaios , which means warlike. There have been many people named Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus, the most famous of which are the Greek Egyptian astronomer Claudius Ptolemaeus and the Macedonian… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy I Soter — For the astronomer, see Ptolemy; for others named Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus , see Ptolemy (disambiguation). Infobox Person name = Ptolemy I Soter Founder of the Ptolemaic Kingdom image size = 270px caption = Bust of Ptolemy Soter in the British… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy I Soter — born 367/366, Macedonia died 283/282 BC, Egypt Ruler of Egypt (323–285) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. A Macedonian general of Alexander the Great, he and the other generals divided the empire after Alexander s death, Ptolemy becoming… … Universalium
Ptolemy — /tol euh mee/, n., pl. Ptolemies for 2. 1. (Claudius Ptolemaeus) fl. A.D. 127 151, Hellenistic mathematician, astronomer, and geographer in Alexandria. 2. any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt 323 30 B.C. * * * I Latin… … Universalium
PTOLEMY — 1) the name of the Macedonian kings of Egypt, of which there were 14 in succession, of whom Ptolemy I., SOTER, was a favourite general of Alexander the Great, and who ruled Egypt from 328 to 285 B.C.; Ptolemy II., PHILADELPHUS, who ruled from… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
PTOLEMY — PTOLEMY, the common name of monarchs of the Macedonian (or Thirty First) Dynasty who ruled in Egypt from 323 to 30 B.C.E. It is unclear precisely how many such sovereigns there actually were; some scholars give a total of 14 and some 16. Most… … Encyclopedia of Judaism